16 December 2004 Simultaneous reverse saturable absorption of fluorinated naphthalocyanines at 532 and 1064 nm
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The series of (tert-butyl)catechol-substituted fluorinated naphthalocyanines 1, 2 and 3 displays limiting of the optical power generated with nanosecond light pulses simultaneously at 532 and 1064 nm. Limiting thresholds of 1-3 fall in the range 1.5-2.7 J cm-2 at 532 nm and 2.6-3.7 J cm-2 at 1064 nm when linear transmittance is 0.75 at both wavelengths of analysis. Compared to other unsubstituted naphthalocyanines, 1-3 show a relatively large window of high linear optical transmission between the characteristic Q- and B- absorption bands (above 0.75 for a 250 nm-wide window when 1-3 concentration is in the order of few millimoles per liter in 1 cm thick cells). A general enhancement of photostability in 1-3 is observed for the presence of electron-withdrawing fluorine substituents. The optical limiting effect produced by these systems is evaluated for the protection of optical sensors which operate in both visible and NIR spectral ranges, e.g. the human eye and night vision devices.
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Danilo Dini, Michael Hanack, Yiew Wang Lee, Jing Fang Pan, Guo Ying Yang, "Simultaneous reverse saturable absorption of fluorinated naphthalocyanines at 532 and 1064 nm", Proc. SPIE 5621, Optical Materials in Defence Systems Technology, (16 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.581196; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.581196




Optical limiting


Saturable absorption

Pulsed laser operation

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