11 February 2005 4x4 free-space polarization-independent optical switch using half-wave plates for polarized controlling
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Proceedings Volume 5625, Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems II; (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.574480
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical Communications, 2004, Beijing, China
Abstract
This paper proposes a novel 4×4 free-space bi-directional fiber optical switch. The switch is independent of the optical polarization, which can lead to polarization-dependent loss. When the input light beam incident on the polarization beam splitters (PBS) coating satisfies Brewster Condition, it is decomposed into two orthogonal linear polarized lights: P-polarized light and S-polarized light. In the paper, the free-space optical switches elements include a polarization control unit and a routing unit, and the former will be discussed emphatically. The polarization control unit can be acted by Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal (FLC) or half-wave plate array. By comparing the two methods, half-wave plate array will be chosen in the experiment. The controlling circuit of driving half-wave plate array is designed and polarization-dependent loss (PDL) in 4×4 optical switch using half-wave plate array is analyzed. The experiment results indicate that the insertion loss is less than 4.4 dB, the interchannel crosstalk is about 32 dB and the switching time of the optical switch is about 2 ms.
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Zilong Cai, Fengguang Luo, Mingcui Cao, Huimin Wei, "4x4 free-space polarization-independent optical switch using half-wave plates for polarized controlling", Proc. SPIE 5625, Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems II, (11 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.574480; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.574480
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