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13 January 2005 Influences of powder specifications and powder delivery on laser and powder particle interaction during the LRF process
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With deep studying on the process of laser rapid forming (LRF) the researchers gradually meet the knowledge that it is very important to understand the mechanism of interaction between the laser and the powder particles since it is the key point to realize the effective control of the LRF process. The high-speed photography has been employed to realize in situ observation on the delivery process of powdered materials for the first time. A group of parameters -- delivery parameters of powder is put forward to characterize the delivery process in quantitative by dealing with the digital images obtained. On the basis of quantitative description of the powder delivery, an analytical model is presented to study the attenuation of the laser power caused by the cloud of the power particles. Another analytical model is also presented to study the temperature rise of the particle irradiated by the laser. It can be found that the attenuation ratio is determined together by the powder specifications, the powder feeding parameters and the powder delivery parameters. With the off axial powder nozzle being employed in the paper, the diameter of the powder steam was always bigger than the diameter of laser spot, thus the laser processing parameters have no effect on the laser attenuation. The temperature rise of the particle is determined by the powder specifications and the powder delivery parameters too. Meanwhile the laser processing parameters also affects the temperature rise of the particle. With the decreasing of the particle radius, the irradiation heating effect increases remarkably.
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Jing Chen, Haiou Yang, Xin Lin, and Weidong Huang "Influences of powder specifications and powder delivery on laser and powder particle interaction during the LRF process", Proc. SPIE 5629, Lasers in Material Processing and Manufacturing II, (13 January 2005);

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