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18 January 2005 Monitoring of prefrontal cortex activation during verbal n-back task with 24-channel functional NIRS imager
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Abstract
Human prefrontal cortex (PFC) helps mediate working memory (WM), a system that is used for temporary storage and manipulation of information and is involved with many higher-level cognitive functions. Here, we report a functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) study on the PFC activation caused by verbal WM task. For investigating the effect of memory load on brain activation, we adopted the “n-back” task in which subjects must decide for each present letter whether it matches the letter presented n items back in sequence. 27 subjects (ages 18-24, 13 females) participated in the work. Concentration changes in oxy-Hb (HbO2), deoxy-Hb (Hb), and total-Hb (HbT) in the subjects’ prefrontal cortex were monitored by a 24-channel functional NIRS imager. The cortical activations and deactivations were found in left ventrolateral PFC and bilateral dorsolateral PFC. As memory load increased, subjects showed poorer behavioral performance as well as monotonically increasing magnitudes of the activations and deactivations in PFC.
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Chengjun Li, Hui Gong, Zhuo Gan, and Qingming Luo "Monitoring of prefrontal cortex activation during verbal n-back task with 24-channel functional NIRS imager", Proc. SPIE 5630, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics: Diagnostics and Treatment II, (18 January 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.580575
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