9 February 2005 Current detection during tip-induced anodic oxidation of titanium by atomic force microscope
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Titanium film with about 3nm thickness is deposited on SiO2-Si substrate with dual facing targets sputtering method. Nano-oxidation lines are fabricated on this Ti film with various biased voltages and for the first time, current monitoring is performed during the oxidation process using a contact-mode AFM. In the cases of all lines, a flow of current began immediately when the biased voltage was applied and it kept almost unchanged as each of the oxide line was growing. The level of detected currents during the fabrication of oxide lines on Ti film is in the microampere (μA) level. The detected currents increase linearly with the biased voltages, which indicates that the detected current is mainly tunneling current. Thus, the process of nano-oxidation of Ti film is controlled either by the tunneling of electrons or holes through the Ti/water interface.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dengfeng Kuang, Dengfeng Kuang, Qinggang Liu, Qinggang Liu, Weilian Guo, Weilian Guo, Shilin Zhang, Shilin Zhang, Xiaotang Hu, Xiaotang Hu, } "Current detection during tip-induced anodic oxidation of titanium by atomic force microscope", Proc. SPIE 5635, Nanophotonics, Nanostructure, and Nanometrology, (9 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.572123; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.572123

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