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7 February 2005 Optical networking by DLP-based switched blazed grating
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All-optical modules are devices which process and transport optical signals without transforming to electronic signals. They get more attention as the optical communication network becomes more and more complicated. Among them, OADM (optical add drop module) is one of the most important devices in the optical DWDM (dense wavelength division multiplex) network. It plays the role of a node in network to upload/download signals or to route signals for optical performance monitoring. Applied broadly in projection display systems, DLP (Digital Light Processing) from Texas Instruments turns out to be a versatile device for optical signal processing. The working principle of DLP is based on so called switched-blazed-grating. Part of its micro-mirror array can be formed as a dynamic blazed grating with a period of 14 μm by tilting the micro-mirrors at an angle of ±12 degrees. It is expected to function as either a switch or an attenuator by directing total or part of the incident light between the 2nd and -2nd diffraction orders. In this paper, we investigate the optical characteristics of a switched-blazed-grating, its application as a re-configurable OADM, and the performance of such a device. Ray tracing and optical analysis of the OADM are made by using package software ASAP from Breault Research Organization. In conclusion, as a mature and reliable MEMS device, DLP-based switched-blazed-grating provides a very versatile platform for digital optical signal processing and can be used as a dynamic optical-networking device with good performance.
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Hoang Yan Lin and Shuang-Chao Chung "Optical networking by DLP-based switched blazed grating", Proc. SPIE 5636, Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, (7 February 2005);


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