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8 February 2005 Performance evaluation of ideal low-light-level imaging system based on the MRC model
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The performance of direct viewing low light level (LLL) imaging system is mainly determined by three factors: photons noise, MTF of optical system(OS) and human eyes characteristic. And the image detecting theory which denotes the optimal performance of imaging system has been a positive impetus for the development of the LLL imaging and night vision technique. The system minimum resolvable angle was traditionally used to estimate the image detecting performance which is mainly determined by photons noise at low target illuminance and by MTF at high target illuminance. This criterion can represent the system performance on the whole; however, assuming the signal to noise ratio (SNR)of the image and MTF of OS uncorrelative, is theoretically not complete, since the two factors interrelate actually. From the viewpoint of signal response, the MRC (minimum resolvable contrast) model of the ideal direct viewing LLL imaging system was deduced on the basis of human eyes characteristic. It is a more comprehensive evaluation method for imaging system performance, and can combine with the forecasting model of operating distance to analyze the general performance of night vision system. In conclusion, the relationship and the difference between the MRC model and the traditional detecting equation were investigated.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jing Sui, Wei-qi Jin, Jianyong Zhang, and Yan Zhou "Performance evaluation of ideal low-light-level imaging system based on the MRC model", Proc. SPIE 5637, Electronic Imaging and Multimedia Technology IV, (8 February 2005);

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