10 February 2005 Adaptive phase-shifting interferometer with optical heterodyne vibration measuring and compensating system
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In temporal phase-shifting interferometer, environmental vibrations can induce the wobbling of fringes pattern that usually results in erroneous surface measurement. In order to actively compensating for the external vibration, wave-front phase variation, in proportion to the variation of optical path difference between reference and test arm of the interferometer, should be measured firstly. So, an optical heterodyne interferometric vibration measuring system is embedded in the interferometer, the real-time wave-front phase variation due to vibration is measured by comparing phase difference of two heterodyne signals at 40MHz, one is from reference arm, another is from test arm. An acousto-optical modulator (AOM) is used as optical frequency shifter. After wave-front phase measuring, secondly, a vibration servo compensating system is built. In this system, if real-time wave-front phase is differ from preset phase, an adaptive feedback signal is formed to drive a piezoelectric transducer (PZT), and the PZT drives the standard reference mirror to shift optical path difference in order to pulling wave-front phase to the preset value, thus, vibration is compensated and fringes pattern is stabilized. Thirdly, if preset phase value is periodically changed, a series of phase-shifting interferograms can be sampled. In the end, vibration-compensated effect of this adaptive interferometer is evaluated by an actual optical surface testing, results show this system works very well in the presence of vibrations which amplitude-frequency product is greater than 100 wave-Hertz. Frequency response of this system is restricted by PZT driven reference mirror.
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Dong Wu, Dong Wu, Lei Chen, Lei Chen, Yongxiang Xu, Yongxiang Xu, Rihong Zhu, Rihong Zhu, } "Adaptive phase-shifting interferometer with optical heterodyne vibration measuring and compensating system", Proc. SPIE 5638, Optical Design and Testing II, (10 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.572136; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.572136

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