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11 January 2005 A copper-coated fiber Bragg grating current sensor
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Conventional current transformer (CT) is based on the principles of electric magnetic induction with copper wire windings and iron cores, it is widely used in power systems. But it emerges more weakness as the applied voltage and power capacity more and more increase. Over the past 20 years optical current sensors have received significant attention by a number of groups around the world as next generation high voltage measurement devices, with a view to replacing iron-corn current transformers in the electric power industry. In the opposite side of conventional current transformer, optical fiber current sensor provides a solution of the existed problems. It brings the significant advantages that they are non-conductive and lightweight, which can allow for much simpler insulation and mounting designs as the application voltage increase to1000kV or more to day. In addition, optical sensors do not exhibit hysteresis and provide a much large dynamic range and frequency response than iron-core CT. Optical fiber Bragg grating current sensor is the most potential important one among the optical current sensors, but its current transferred sensibility and the capability of anti-variance of temperature and stress still in a lower level. In this paper, a copper coated Bragg grating current sensor are described. The sensibility is improved significantly.
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Danping Jia, Limin Zhao, and Yingwen Lin "A copper-coated fiber Bragg grating current sensor", Proc. SPIE 5642, Information Optics and Photonics Technology, (11 January 2005);

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