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20 January 2005 The precision and accuracy of AIRS level 1B radiances for climate studies
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Abstract
We investigate uncertainties in the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) radiances based on in-flight and pre-flight calibration algorithms and observations. The global coverage and spectral resolution (~ 1200) of AIRS enable it to produce a data set that can be used as a climate data record over the lifetime of the instrument. Therefore, we examine the effects of the uncertainties in the calibration and the detector stability on future climate studies. The uncertainties of the parameters that go into the AIRS radiometric calibration are propagated to estimate the accuracy of the radiances and any climate data record created from AIRS measurements. The calculated radiance uncertainties are consistent with observations. Algorithm enhancements may be able to reduce the radiance uncertainties by as much as 7%. We find that the orbital variation of the gain contributes a brightness temperature bias of < 0.01 K. Although this can be removed by algorithm enhancements, it is smaller than uncertainty of the gain for most channels.
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Thomas J. Hearty, Steve Gaiser, Thomas Pagano, and Hartmut Aumann "The precision and accuracy of AIRS level 1B radiances for climate studies", Proc. SPIE 5655, Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Instruments and Applications II, (20 January 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.578991
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