25 April 2005 A guide for calculation of spot size to determine power density for free fiber irradiation of tissue
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Proceedings Volume 5686, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics; (2005); doi: 10.1117/12.579868
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2005, San Jose, CA, United States
Transendoscopic laser treatment for upper airway disorders has been performed in the horse for over twenty years. Endoscopic laser transmission utilizing flexible fiber optics is limited to certain discreet wavelengths. Initially, the laser of choice was the Nd: YAG laser (1064nm), but in the early 1990's, diode lasers (810nm, 980nm) were introduced to veterinary medicine and are currently used in private practice and universities. Precise application of laser irradiation is dependent on the user knowing the laser's output as well as the amount of energy that is delivered to tissue. Knowledge of dosimetry is important to the veterinarian for keeping accurate medical records by being able to describe very specific treatment regimes. The applied energy is best described as power density or energy density. Calculation of this energy is dependent upon the users ability to determine the laser's spot size when irradiating tissue in a non-contact mode. The charts derived from this study provide the veterinarian the ability to estimate spot size for a number of commonly used lasers with the fiber positioned at various distances from the target.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lloyd P. Tate, Anthony T. Blikslager, "A guide for calculation of spot size to determine power density for free fiber irradiation of tissue", Proc. SPIE 5686, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics, (25 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.579868; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.579868

Semiconductor lasers

Fiber lasers


YAG lasers


Laser therapeutics

Laser tissue interaction

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