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25 April 2005 High frequency ultrasound imaging using Fabry-Perot optical etalon
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Optical detection of ultrasound provides a unique and appealing way of forming detector arrays (1D or 2D) using either raster beam scanning or simultaneous array detection exploiting wide area illumination. Etalon based optical techniques are of particular interest, due to their relatively high sensitivity resulting from multiple optical reflections within the resonance structure. Detector arrays formed by etalon based techniques are characterized by high element density and small element active area, which enables high resolution imaging at high ultrasonic frequencies (typically 10-50 MHz). In this paper we present an application of an optical etalon structure for very high frequency ultrasound detection (exceeding 100 MHz). A thin polymer Fabry-Perot etalon (10 μm thickness) has been fabricated using spin coating of polymer photoresist on a glass substrate and gold evaporation forming partially reflecting mirrors on both faces of the polymer layer. The optical resonator formed by the etalon structure has a measured Q-factor of 300. The characteristic broadband response of the optical signal was demonstrated by insonifying the etalon using two different ultrasound transducers and recording the resulting intensity modulation of optical reflection from the etalon. A focused 10 MHz transducer was used for the low MHz frequency region, and a 50 MHz focused transducer was used for the high frequency region. The optical reflection signal was compared to the pulse/echo signal detected by the same ultrasound transducer. The measured signal to noise ratio of the optically detected signal is comparable to that of the pulse/echo signal in both low and high frequency ranges. The etalon detector was integrated in a photoacoustic imaging system. High resolution images of phantom targets and biological tissue (nerve cord) were obtained. The additional information of optical absorption obtained by photoacoustic imaging, along with the high resolution detection of the etalon, offer unique advantages for intravascular and neurological imaging devices.
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S. Ashkenazi, R. Witte, and M. O'Donnell "High frequency ultrasound imaging using Fabry-Perot optical etalon", Proc. SPIE 5697, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2005: The Sixth Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics, (25 April 2005);


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