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22 April 2005 A 3.5-ps mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser generated by 60-ps backward optical dark pulse-train injection
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Abstract
The relationship between the backward optical injection waveform and the mode-locked pulse shape of semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser (SOAFL) is studied. The SOA plays both the roles of a gain medium and an optically controlled modulator in this work. The injected optical comb-like bright and dark pulse-train with 60-ps pulsewidth was generated using a Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator (MZM) which DC-biased voltage of 1.7 V and 7.2 V, respectively. The backward injection of optical dark pulse-train results in a wide gain-depletion width (and a narrow gain window) within one modulation period, which is necessary for perfect mode-locking the SOAFL. In opposite, the backward injection of short optical pulse of bright optical pulse-train only causes a less pronounced gain-depletion effect. Such a broadened gain window can hardly initiate the mode-locking process. The backward comb-like dark pulse-train modulation is much easier to initiate harmonic mode-locking in the SOAFL than the bright pulse-train or sinusoidal-wave injection, which generates pulsewidth as short as 15 ps at 1 GHz. After propagating through 195m-long dispersion-compensating fiber, the pulsewidth of the mode-locked SOAFL can be linearly compressed to 13.5 ps. The linewidth and time-bandwidth product of the compressed SOAFL pulses are 1.78 nm and 0.8, respectively. The pulsewidth can further be nonlinearly compressed by using a 4695m-long single-mode fiber. The shortest mode-locked SOAFL pulsewidth of 3.5 ps at repetition frequency of 1 GHz by using cross-gain modulation technique is reported for the first time.
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I-Hsiang Chiu, Yu-Sheng Liao, Yung-Cheng Chang, and Gong-Ru Lin "A 3.5-ps mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser generated by 60-ps backward optical dark pulse-train injection", Proc. SPIE 5709, Fiber Lasers II: Technology, Systems, and Applications, (22 April 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.587938
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