13 April 2005 Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of GaMnAs (Invited Paper)
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Abstract
Spin dynamics in the III-V dilute magnetic semiconductor GaMnAs is investigated by photo-induced demagnetization. Experimental results obtained from two different time-dependent characterization techniques - "two color-probe" magneto-optical Kerr effect (TR-MOKE) and mid-infrared differential transmittance -- are compared. Upon photo-excitation with a 100 fs, 3.1 eV light pulse, a long demagnetization time in the hundreds of picoseconds timescale is found by TR-MOKE, indicating a spin-dependent band structure in this material. In mid-infrared measurements, a positive increase of the differential transmittance is observed in the same time interval when the sample is cooled below its Currie temperature. It is shown that this mid-infrared absorption feature is directly related to ferromagnetism in this material. The magnetism-related component of the broad DC mid-infrared absorption peak characteristic of this p-type material could be observed with this time-resolved measurement. Experimental results were simulated with a model describing the interaction between three thermal reservoirs (hole, spin and lattice) and taking thermal diffusion into account.
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Jean Benoit Heroux, Eiji Kojima, Y. Ino, Y. Hashimoto, Shingo Katsumoto, Yasushiro Iye, Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami, "Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of GaMnAs (Invited Paper)", Proc. SPIE 5725, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials IX, (13 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.601978; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.601978
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