14 March 2005 Existence and absence of geometric phases due to mode transformations of high-order modes
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Abstract
We study the geometric phase that is acquired when the second-order mode of an optical beam undergoes a cyclic transformation. We find that a geometric phase appears when the initial and intermediate modes have different quantities of orbital angular momentum. The phase is similar to the one measured previously for transformations of first-order modes. However, we find no accumulated geometric phase when the initial and intermediate modes have zero orbital angular momentum.
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Enrique J. Galvez, Megan A. O'Connell, "Existence and absence of geometric phases due to mode transformations of high-order modes", Proc. SPIE 5736, Nanomanipulation with Light, (14 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.589963; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.589963
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