14 March 2005 Experiments with Bose-Einstein condensates on an atom chip
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Abstract
We describe the production of BECs on a new type of atom chip based on silver foil. Our atom chip is fabricated with thick wires capable of carrying currents of several amperes without overheating. The silver surface is highly reflective to light resonant with optical transitions used for Rb. The pattern on the chip consists of two parallel Z-trap wires, capable of producing two-wire guide, and two additional endcap wires for varying the axial confinement. Condensates are produced in magnetic microtraps formed within 1 mm of surface of the chip. We have observed the fragmentation of cold atom clouds when brought close to the chip surface. This results from a perturbed trapping potential caused by nanometer deviations of the current path through the wires on the chip. We present results of fragmentation of cold clouds at distances below 100 μm from the wires and investigate the origin of the deviating current. The fragmentation has different characteristics to those seen with copper conductors. The dynamics of atoms in these microtraps is also investigated.
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Benjamin Upcroft, Chris J. Vale, Adrian Ratnapala, Stuart Holt, Matthew J. Davis, Tom Campey, Norman R. Heckenberg, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Experiments with Bose-Einstein condensates on an atom chip", Proc. SPIE 5736, Nanomanipulation with Light, (14 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.591220; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.591220
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