14 March 2005 High-speed 2D VCSEL arrays at 990nm for short reach interconnects
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Abstract
We have demonstrated high density, 2D (4x12) VCSEL arrays operating at an aggregate data rate of over 480Gb/s in an aerial density of 1400x3750 μm2, or 9.14 Tbs/cm2. These flip-chip, bottom-emitting 990nm VCSELs have low drive voltage, low electrical parasitics, improved thermal impedance and 2D scalability over their wire-bonded top emitting counterparts. Excellent high speed performance was obtained through the use of 1) compressively strained InGaAs MQW active region 2) low parasitic capacitance oxide-confined VCSEL structures and 3) low series resistance, high index contrast AlGaAs/GaAs mirrors. 10Gb/s operation was obtained with low operating current density of ~6kA/cm2 at 70C. Our best results to date have achieved data rates greater than 12.5Gb/s @70C at a current density less than 10kA/cm2. The device results show good agreement with theoretically calculated/simulated values. This work was partially supported by DARPA under contract MDA972-03-3-0004.
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Ashish Tandon, Ashish Tandon, Chao-Kun Lin, Chao-Kun Lin, Kostadin Djordjev, Kostadin Djordjev, Scott Corzine, Scott Corzine, Michael Tan, Michael Tan, } "High-speed 2D VCSEL arrays at 990nm for short reach interconnects", Proc. SPIE 5737, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers IX, (14 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.597343; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.597343
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