15 December 2004 Adaptive focusing of laser radiation onto a rough reflecting surface through the turbulent and nonlinear atmosphere
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Proceedings Volume 5743, Eleventh International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.606275
Event: Eleventh International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, 2004, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Abstract
Target-in-the-loop (TIL) wave propagation geometry represents perhaps the most challenging case for adaptive optics applications that are related with maximization of irradiance power density on extended remotely located surfaces in the presence of dynamically changing refractive index inhomogeneities in the propagation medium. We introduce a TIL propagation model that uses a combination of the parabolic equation describing outgoing wave propagation, and the equation describing evolution of the mutual coherence function (MCF) for the backscattered (returned) wave. The resulting evolution equation for the MCF is further simplified by the use of the smooth refractive index approximation. This approximation enables derivation of the transport equation for the returned wave brightness function, analyzed here using method characteristics (brightness function trajectories). The equations for the brightness function trajectories (ray equations) can be efficiently integrated numerically. We also consider wavefront sensors that perform sensing of speckle-averaged characteristics of the wavefront phase (TIL sensors). Analysis of the wavefront phase reconstructed from Shack-Hartmann TIL sensor measurements shows that an extended target introduces a phase modulation (target-induced phase) that cannot be easily separated from the atmospheric turbulence-related phase aberrations. We also show that wavefront sensing results depend on the extended target shape, surface roughness, and the outgoing beam intensity distribution on the target surface.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mikhail A. Vorontsov, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, Valeriy V. Kolosov, Valeriy V. Kolosov, } "Adaptive focusing of laser radiation onto a rough reflecting surface through the turbulent and nonlinear atmosphere", Proc. SPIE 5743, Eleventh International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, (15 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.606275; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.606275
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