14 April 2005 Quantitative interpretation of multi-spectral fundus images
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Abstract
Multi-spectral imaging of the ocular fundus suffers from three main problems: the image must be taken through an aperture (the pupil), meaning that the absolute light intensity at the fundus cannot be known; long acquisition times are not feasible due to patient discomfort; patient movement can lead to loss of image quality. These difficulties have meant that multi-spectral imaging of the fundus has not yet seen wide application. We have developed a new method for optimizing the multi-spectral imaging process which also allows us to derive semi-quantitative information about the structure and properties of the fundus. We acquire images in six visible spectral bands and use these to deduce the concentration and distribution of the known absorbing compounds in the fundus: blood haemoglobins in the retina and choroid, choroidal melanin, RPE melanin and xanthophyll. The optimisation process and parameter recovery uses a Monte Carlo model of the spectral reflectance of the fundus, parameterised by the concentrations of the absorbing compounds. The model is used to compute the accuracy with which the values of the model parameters can be deduced from an image. Filters are selected to minimise the error in the parameter recovery process. Theoretical investigations suggest that parameters can be recovered with RMS errors of less than 10%. When applied to images of normal subjects, the technique was able to successfully deduce the distribution of xanthophyll in the fundus. Further improvement of the model is required to allow the deduction of other model parameters from images.
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Iain B. Styles, Ela Claridge, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Antonio Calcagni, Jonathan M. Gibson, "Quantitative interpretation of multi-spectral fundus images", Proc. SPIE 5746, Medical Imaging 2005: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images, (14 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.595292; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.595292
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