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29 April 2005 Stomach, intestine, and colon tissue discriminators for wireless capsule endoscopy images
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Wireless Capsule Endoscopy (WCE) is a new colour imaging technology that enables close examination of the interior of the entire small intestine. Typically, the WCE operates for ~8 hours and captures ~40,000 useful images. The images are viewed as a video sequence, which generally takes a doctor over an hour to analyse. In order to activate certain key features of the software provided with the capsule, it is necessary to locate and annotate the boundaries between certain gastrointestinal (GI) tract regions (stomach, intestine and colon) in the footage. In this paper we propose a method of automatically discriminating stomach, intestine and colon tissue in order to significantly reduce the video assessment time. We use hue saturation chromaticity histograms which are compressed using a hybrid transform, incorporating the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The performance of two classifiers is compared: k-nearest neighbour (kNN) and Support Vector Classifier (SVC). After training the classifier, we applied a narrowing step algorithm to converge to the points in the video where the capsule firstly passes through the pylorus (the valve between the stomach and the intestine) and later the ileocaecal valve (IV, the valve between the intestine and colon). We present experimental results that demonstrate the effectiveness of this method.
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Jeff Berens, Michal Mackiewicz, and Duncan Bell "Stomach, intestine, and colon tissue discriminators for wireless capsule endoscopy images", Proc. SPIE 5747, Medical Imaging 2005: Image Processing, (29 April 2005);

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