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16 May 2005 A methodology for image-based tracking of seismic-induced motions
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Abstract
Previous experiences during earthquake events emphasize the need for new technologies for real-time monitoring and assessment of facilities with high value nonstructural elements such as equipment or other contents. Moreover, there are substantial limitations to our ability to rapidly evaluate and identify potential hazard zones within a structure, exposing rescue workers, society and the environment to unnecessary risks. A real-time monitoring system, integrated with critical warning systems, would allow for improved channeling of resources. Ideally such a system would acquire all relevant data non-intrusively, at high rates and resolution and disseminate it with low latency over a trusted network to a central repository. This repository can then be used by the building owner and rescue workers to make informed decisions. In recognition of these issues, in this paper, we describe a methodology for image-based tracking of seismically induced motions. The methodology includes calibration, acquisition, processing, and analysis tools geared towards seismic assessment. We present sample waveforms extracted considering pixel-based algorithms applied to images collected from an array of high speed, high-resolution charged-couple-device (CCD) cameras. This work includes use of a unique hardware and software design involving a multi-threaded process, which bypasses conventional hardware frame grabbers and uses a software-based approach to acquire, synchronize and time stamp image data.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kai-Uwe Doerr, Tara C. Hutchinson, and Falko Kuester "A methodology for image-based tracking of seismic-induced motions", Proc. SPIE 5758, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Smart Sensor Technology and Measurement Systems, (16 May 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.597679
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