16 May 2005 Distributed sensing of composite over-wrapped pressure vessel using fiber Bragg gratings at ambient and cryogenic temperatures
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Abstract
Fiber Bragg gratings are use to monitor the structural properties of composite pressure vessels. These gratings optically inscribed into the core of a single mode fiber are used as a tool to monitor the stress strain relation in laminate structure. The fiber Bragg sensors are both embedded within the composite laminates and bonded to the surface of the vessel with varying orientations with respect to the carbon fiber in the epoxy matrix. The response of these fiber-optic sensors is investigated by pressurizing the cylinder up to its burst pressure of around 2800 psi. This is done at both ambient and cryogenic temperatures using water and liquid nitrogen. The recorded response is compared with the response from conventional strain gauge also present on the vessel. Additionally, several vessels were tested that had been damaged to simulate different type of events, such as cut tow, delimitation and impact damage.
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Joseph Grant, Joseph Grant, } "Distributed sensing of composite over-wrapped pressure vessel using fiber Bragg gratings at ambient and cryogenic temperatures", Proc. SPIE 5758, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Smart Sensor Technology and Measurement Systems, (16 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.612060; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.612060
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