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16 May 2005 Experimental observation of high-rate buckling of thin cylindrical shape-memory shells
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We investigate the buckling behavior of thin cylindrical shape-memory shells at room temperature, using a modified split Hopkinson bar and an Instron hydraulic testing machine. The quasi-static buckling response is directly observed using a digital camera with a close-up lens and two back mirrors. A high-speed Imacon 200 framing camera is used to record the dynamic buckling modes. The shape-memory shells with an austenite-finish temperature less than the room temperature, buckle gradually and gracefully in quasi-static loading, and fully recover upon unloading, showing a superelastic property, whereas when suitably annealed, the shells do not recover spontaneously upon unloading, but they do so once heated, showing a shape-memory effect. The gradual and graceful buckling of the shape-memory shells is associated with the stress-induced martensite formation and seems to have a profound effect on the unstable deformations of thin structures made from shape-memory alloys.
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Sia Nemat-Nasser, Jeom Yong Choi, Jon B. Isaacs, and David W. Lischer "Experimental observation of high-rate buckling of thin cylindrical shape-memory shells", Proc. SPIE 5761, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (16 May 2005);


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