16 May 2005 Investigation of magneto-mechanical properties of Galfenol for coil-less magnetic force control using inverse magnetostrictive effect
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Abstract
We have been proposing a magnetic force control method using the inverse magnetostrictive effect of magnetostrictive materials. With a parallel magnetic circuit consisting of iron yokes and permanent magnet, the magnetic force exerting on the yoke can be varied by the mechanical stress applied to the magnetostrictive material. The characteristics of the magnetic force, such as stress-sensitivity and range of the variation, are mostly dependent on the material properties of the magnetostrictive material. So far we have mainly investigated the magnetic force using Terfenol-D (Tb-Dy-Fe alloy) and demonstrated its usefulness in practical applications. Recently, Galfenol, Iron-Gallium is widely noticed for alternative for the Terfenol with several advantages. Even lower magnetostriction, it is superior to the Terfenol with high piezomagnetic constant, low hysteresis loss, high saturation and good machinability. In this paper, we investigate the potential of the Galfenol for the magnetic force control method which can enlarge the variation range of the magnetic force and increase the stress-sensitively. The formulation of the magnetic force and experimental results of fundamental material properties and magnetic force of the Galfenol and Terfenol clarifies the merits of the Galfenol inherited from high saturation and high piezomagnetic constant. The correlation between the piezomagnetic constant and bias field is verified, providing magnetic circuit design strategy to make full use of the material properties of the Galfenol for future applications.
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Toshiyuki Ueno, Eric Summers, Thomas Lograsso, Toshiro Higuchi, "Investigation of magneto-mechanical properties of Galfenol for coil-less magnetic force control using inverse magnetostrictive effect", Proc. SPIE 5761, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (16 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.600363; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.600363
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