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17 May 2005 Validation of computational models and a new experimental facility of a robot actuator using twin electro-rheological clutches
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Abstract
Flexibility and speed of response are two key requirements in the design of machinery for high-speed manufacturing operations. These two requirements are often conflicting and their resolution requires considerable ingenuity on the part of the designer. A novel actuator based upon the use of twin electro-rheological (ER) clutches is described together with its modification to control the motion (angular displacement, angular velocity) of a robot manipulator arm. The development of a new experimental facility involving the robot manipulator arm is described. In the basic twin ER clutch facility, the motion of a toothed belt is controlled by manipulating the electric field applied to each ER clutch. The belt, in turn, controls the angular position and velocity of the robot arm. The use of twin clutches allows motion to be imparted in opposite directions without the need for return springs or similar mechanisms. To improve the positional performance an ER brake is added to the robot arm mechanism. The extension to the dynamic model for the ER clutch mechanism to incorporate the robot arm and ER brake is outlined and is validated experimentally. The displacement response of the robot arm is then examined as a trend study using different motor driving speeds. The positional accuracy of the robot arm and its repeatability is then demonstrated.
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Andrew R. Johnson and Roger Stanway "Validation of computational models and a new experimental facility of a robot actuator using twin electro-rheological clutches", Proc. SPIE 5764, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (17 May 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.600972
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