17 May 2005 Efficient electromechanical (E/M) impedance measuring method for active sensor structural health monitoring
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Abstract
Electro-mechanical impedance method is emerging as an important and powerful technique for structural health monitoring. The E/M impedance method utilizes as its main apparatus an impedance analyzer that reads the in-situ E/M impedance of the piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) attached to the monitored structure. Present-day impedance analyzer equipments (e.g. HP4194) are bulky, heavy and expensive laboratory equipment that cannot be carried into the field for on-site structural health monitoring. To address this issue, several investigators have explored means of miniaturizing the impedance analyzer making the impedance analyzer more compact and field-portable. In this paper we present an improved algorithm for efficient measurement of the E/M impedance using PWAS transducers. Instead of using a sine wave as the excitation signal to the PWAS and slowly changing its frequency, our method utilizes a chirp signal which is abundant in frequency components. By applying Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to both the input and response signals, the impedance spectrum of the PWAS is acquired. The algorithm was implemented and tested in a real-time system, which consists of excitation signal generation module, voltage and current measurement module and digital signal acquisition module. The size and the implementation of the overall system using either a laptop or a digital signal processor (DSP) are also discussed. Finally, practical results are presented and comparatively examined.
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Buli Xu, Buli Xu, Victor Giurgiutiu, Victor Giurgiutiu, } "Efficient electromechanical (E/M) impedance measuring method for active sensor structural health monitoring", Proc. SPIE 5765, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, (17 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.598174; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.598174
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