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19 May 2005 Application of vibration-based damage detection to an integral abutment bridge
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Vibration-based damage detection (VBDD) methods use changes to the dynamic characteristics of a structure (i.e. its natural frequencies, mode shapes, and damping properties) to detect the presence of damage and determine its location. The application of these methods to constructed civil engineering facilities is complicated by a number of factors unique to these structures. Despite the challenges, the development of reliable VBDD methods for constructed facilities has the potential for great benefit and cost savings to infrastructure owners. This paper focuses on the application of VBDD techniques based on changes to mode shapes to a two-span, slab-on-girder, integral abutment bridge in Saskatoon, Canada. The dynamic response of the bridge under ambient traffic loading has been measured periodically using temporarily installed accelerometers over a range of ambient temperatures. A detailed finite element (FE) model has been developed and calibrated to match the first three measured natural frequencies and mode shapes. This model was then used to simulate the dynamic response of the bridge as various states of small-scale damage were induced, and several VBDD techniques were applied to detect and locate the damage. Preliminary results show that the ambient temperature significantly influences measured natural frequencies. In addition, the presence and location of damage may be found using any of VBDD techniques. The performance of the techniques is influenced by the number of sensors used to characterize mode shapes, as well as by the procedures used to normalize the mode shapes.
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Abu B. Siddique, Leon D. Wegner, and Bruce F. Sparling "Application of vibration-based damage detection to an integral abutment bridge", Proc. SPIE 5767, Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Aerospace Materials, Composites, and Civil Infrastructure IV, (19 May 2005);

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