22 June 2005 Model based recovery of histological parameters starting from reflectance spectra of the colon
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Abstract
Colon cancer alters the tissue macro-architecture. Changes include increase in blood content and distortion of the collagen matrix, which affect the reflectance spectra of the colon and its colouration. We have developed a physics-based model for predicting colon tissue spectra. The colon structure is represented by three layers: mucosa, submucosa and smooth muscle. Each layer is represented by parameters defining its optical properties: molar concentration and absorption coefficients of haemoglobins, describing absorption of light; size and density of collagen fibres; refractive index of the medium and collagen fibres, describing light scattering; and layer thicknesses. Spectra were calculated using the Monte Carlo method. The output of the model was compared to experimental data comprising 50 spectra acquired in vivo from normal tissue. The extracted histological parameters showed good agreement with known values. An experiment was carried out to study the differences between normal and abnormal tissue. These were characterised by increased blood content and decreased collagen density, which is consistent with known differences between normal and abnormal tissue. This suggests that histological quantities of the colon could be computed from its reflectance spectra. The method is likely to have diagnostic value in the early detection of colon cancer.
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Dzena Hidovic-Rowe, Ela Claridge, "Model based recovery of histological parameters starting from reflectance spectra of the colon", Proc. SPIE 5771, Saratov Fall Meeting 2004: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine VI, (22 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.634622; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.634622
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