23 February 2005 Computer planimetry in allergology skin prick tests
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Abstract
Estimation of skin prick test results in IgE allergy usually depends on subjective measurement of performer. One of usually used method of estimation skin reaction is measuring the longest and midpoint orthogonal diameters of an erythema and a wheal. Then an average diameter is computed. The method is not precise for irregular objects. Contours of the irregular wheal are encircled with a pen and transferred to a record sheet. There were elaborated methods of estimation results from skin prick test and methods of picture's archiving in the study. There were proposed own image processing algorithms, which are used to estmate an area of the erythema and wheal. Algorithm and conclusion were proposed using data taken from four patients: two children in age 5 years (tests were applied on the back) and two adults in age 21 and 30 years (tests were applied on the upper arms). Skin reaction results are taken as medical images through the digital camera. Images are brought into computer and process in program. Algorithm automatically estimates area of the erythema and the wheal. The area was estimated from H component in HSV color space. Contours of objects were separated using median filterng. The measured field was computed in square millimeters using a calibrating pattern. Elaborated digital image's acquisition system gives possibility of archiving very good qualities images. There were proposed own image processing algorithms, which are used to estimate an area of the erythema and wheal. Algorithm using HSV color space and H component allows receiving satisfactory results.
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R. Suchecki, A. Lipiec, W. Wierzejski, Wojciech Zaworski, A. Grzanka, "Computer planimetry in allergology skin prick tests", Proc. SPIE 5775, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments III, (23 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.610753; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.610753
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