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20 May 2005 Characterization and differentiation of high energy cyclic organic peroxides by GC/FT-IR, GC-MS, FT-IR, and Raman microscopy
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Abstract
The characterization of Tetracetone Tetraperoxide (TRATRP), Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP), Diacetone Diperoxide (DADP), Tricyclohexylidene Triperoxide and Dibenzo Diperoxide using GC-MS, GC-FTIR, FTIR, FT-NMR and Raman Spectroscopy is reported. These compounds were synthesized, purified and characterized in the laboratory in order to develop methodologies for their trace detection. During this study, TATP has been synthesized by different methods obtaining high purity and good yields, even using common household products. DADP synthetic routes reported in the literature were verified. The methods described, including those that produce mixtures with TATP and other peroxides forms were also tested. This study will also focused in the preparation of other cyclic peroxides, including Hexamethelene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) and different forms of cyclic peroxides from ketones. This issue of thermodynamic versus kinetic control of secondary products of all syntheses and the effect of temperature in the distribution sub products of the syntheses was also addressed. A vibrational differentiation study of was carried out. Differences were found computationally in the υ(O-O), υ(C-O), δ(CH3-C) and δ(C-O) for Raman and IR bands and retention time and fragment patron for GC-MS and GC-FT-IR.
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Alvaro J. Pena, Leonardo Pacheco-Londono, Javier Figueroa, Luis A. Rivera-Montalvo, Felix R. Roman-Velazquez, and Samuel P. Hernandez-Rivera "Characterization and differentiation of high energy cyclic organic peroxides by GC/FT-IR, GC-MS, FT-IR, and Raman microscopy", Proc. SPIE 5778, Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense IV, (20 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.604194; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.604194
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