19 May 2005 Analysis considerations relating to water pollution emergency incidents
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Abstract
Planning for high impact very low probability events is very difficult. This is particularly true when dealing with the analysis arising from potable water emergency pollution incidents. The main issues are: how to rapidly detect when significant contamination has occurred; to identify the cause or convincingly prove a negative in the absence of contamination and finally maintain an efficient and effective 24h/365d response system on a long-term basis for very low frequency events. This paper considers the handling of these issues for a water laboratory responsible for the regulatory analysis of drinking water for a population of over 8 million. Other key issue are how to assess the emergency response performance on a regular basis and the need to minimise operational costs. Chemical, radiological and ecotoxicological screening protocols are discussed. Microbiological emergency incidents are not covered. The numerous benefits of setting up a mutual aid laboratory response scheme are outlined.
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K. Clive Thompson, Peter Benke, "Analysis considerations relating to water pollution emergency incidents", Proc. SPIE 5781, Optics and Photonics in Global Homeland Security, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.606960; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.606960
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