12 May 2005 Super-resolution image reconstruction from a sequence of aliased imagery
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Abstract
This paper presents a super-resolution image reconstruction from a sequence of aliased imagery. The sub-pixel shifts (displacement) among the images are unknown due to uncontrolled natural jitter of the imager. A correlation method is utilized to estimate sub-pixel shifts between each low-resolution aliased image with respect to a reference image. An error-energy reduction algorithm is derived to reconstruct the high-resolution alias-free output image. The main feature of this proposed error-energy reduction algorithm is that we treat the spatial samples from low-resolution images that possess unknown and irregular (uncontrolled) sub-pixel shifts as a set of constraints to populate an over-sampled (sampled above the desired output bandwidth) processing array. The estimated sub-pixel locations of these samples and their values constitute a spatial domain constraint. Furthermore, the bandwidth of the alias-free image (or the sensor imposed bandwidth) is the criterion used as a spatial frequency domain constraint on the over-sampled processing array. The results of testing the proposed algorithm on the simulated low-resolution aliased images from real world non-aliased FLIR (Forward-Looking Infrared) images, real world aliased FLIR images and visible aliased images are provided.
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S. Susan Young, S. Susan Young, Ronald G. Driggers, Ronald G. Driggers, "Super-resolution image reconstruction from a sequence of aliased imagery", Proc. SPIE 5784, Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XVI, (12 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603482; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.603482
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