10 June 2005 Influence of wheeled vehicular traffic on the acoustic-to-seismic transfer function
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Understanding the variability of the grounds acoustic properties will lead to a reduction in false alarms associated with acoustic landmine detection. Experimental measurements of the acoustic-to-seismic transfer functions performed at a US Army eastern temperate site reveal frequency modulation scales in the acoustic-to-seismic transfer function. These modulations have different spatial dependencies along and across the mine lanes. It was hypothesized that these are due to spatial dependencies of the acoustic parameters in the ground layers. It also was speculated that downward gradients in these parameters are due to additional soil strain produced by the wheels of vehicles repeatedly moving down the lane. The measured transfer functions for a few sites were analyzed. It is shown that an elastic layered model of the ground with downward gradients of sound speed in the ground layers successfully models the features observed in the experimental data. Direct time-of-flight measurements of sound speeds in and out of the wheeled tracks confirm the results obtained from the acoustic-to-seismic transfer function analysis.
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Margarita S. Fokina, Vladimir N. Fokin, Zhiqu Lu, and James M. Sabatier "Influence of wheeled vehicular traffic on the acoustic-to-seismic transfer function", Proc. SPIE 5794, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets X, (10 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.602119; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.602119

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