10 June 2005 Multi-spectral thermal image analysis of natural backgrounds and targets
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This paper describes the visual, spatial and thermal characteristics, and analysis of dynamic landscape conditions critical to mine detection sensors. The characterization data will be used to develop a geospatial, all-season high fidelity data set to support the modeling of synthetic battlefield environments. Surface and subsurface targets of various materials and sizes were added to natural backgrounds to measure the spectral and thermal changes due to different environmental conditions. The imagery was collected with a four-camera system, each representing the visible near infrared (VNIR), 0.4-1.0 micron spectrum, the near infrared (NIR), 0.9 to 1.7 micron spectrum, the mid-wave infrared (MWIR), 3 to 5 micron spectrum, and the long-wave (LWIR), 8 to 14 micron spectrum. The four imaging systems are mounted on a rotating boom that is raised to approximately 12- meters above ground level to match the nadir aspect airborne imaging systems. Multiple areas within the rotational footprint are selected and measured every 10-minutes through a diurnal cycle. Concurrent meteorological measurements are recorded to identify wind speed and direction, air temperature, surface conditions and relative humidity profiles. The background and target analysis procedure is a process of several steps. First, the regions of interest (ROI's) are selected that identify the target or area to be characterized. Second, the area and statistical values will be calculated for each region of interest. Third, the ROI values are compared to the onsite meteorological station.
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Thomas E. Berry, Riley E. Melton, "Multi-spectral thermal image analysis of natural backgrounds and targets", Proc. SPIE 5794, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets X, (10 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603865; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.603865

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