27 May 2005 High performance seismic sensor requirements for military and security applications
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Abstract
General Sensing Systems (GSS) has been developing seismic sensors for different security and military applications for the past several years. Research and development in this area does not have a single-value purpose as security and military applications are of a broad variety. Many of the requirements for seismic sensors are well known. Herein we describe additional requirements for seismic sensors that are not at the center of common attention and associated with high performance seismic sensors. We find that the hard issues related to "remote" deployment/installation methods can be solved, given the seismic sensor does not have the usual single-axis sensitivity, but sensitivity to arbitrary oriented impact/vibrations. Our results show that such a sensor can be designed, in particular based on electret materials. We report that traditional frequency response curve linearity is not always the appropriate goal. Such issues as useful signal frequency band and an interference immunity should be directly taken into account. In addition, the mechanical oscillator of the seismic sensor should have a very broad dynamic range about 120dB, or an adjustable sensitivity for use in various tactical applications. We find that increasing sensitivity is not so much needed as is reducing of the seismic sensor sensitivity threshold. The lower sensitivity threshold in higher target detection range can be obtained in low noise environmental conditions. We will also show that the attempt to design and manufacture a universal seismic sensor for every possible application seems unreasonable. In every respect it makes sense to design a seismic sensor set, which can fit and satisfy all plurality of the applications and multi objective requirements.
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A. Pakhomov, D. Pisano, A. Sicignano, T. Goldburt, "High performance seismic sensor requirements for military and security applications", Proc. SPIE 5796, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications VII, (27 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.604358; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.604358
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