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1 June 2005 A comparative study of kernel spectral matched signal detectors for hyperspectral target detection
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In this paper, we compare several detection algorithms that are based on spectral matched (subspace) filters. Non-linear (kernel) versions of these spectral matched (subspace) detectors are also discussed and their performance is compared with the linear versions. These kernel-based detectors exploit the nonlinear correlations between the spectral bands that are ignored by the conventional detectors. Several well-known matched detectors, such as matched subspace detector, orthogonal subspace detector, spectral matched filter and adaptive subspace detector (adaptive co-sine estimator) are extended to their corresponding kernel versions by using the idea of kernel-based learning theory. In kernel-based detection algorithms the data is implicitly mapped into a high dimensional kernel feature space by a nonlinear mapping which is associated with a kernel function. The detection algorithm is then derived in the feature space which is kernelized in terms of the kernel functions in order to avoid explicit computation in the high dimensional feature space. Experimental results based on simulated toy-examples and real hyperspectral imagery show that the kernel versions of these detectors outperform the conventional linear detectors.
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Heesung Kwon and Nasser M. Nasrabadi "A comparative study of kernel spectral matched signal detectors for hyperspectral target detection", Proc. SPIE 5806, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI, (1 June 2005);

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