19 May 2005 Comparative analysis of feature extraction (2D FFT and wavelet) and classification (Lp metric distances, MLP NN, and HNeT) algorithms for SAR imagery
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Proceedings Volume 5808, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XII; (2005); doi: 10.1117/12.597305
Event: Defense and Security, 2005, Orlando, Florida, United States
Abstract
The performance of several combinations of feature extraction and target classification algorithms is analyzed for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery using the standard Moving and Stationary Target Acquisition and Recognition (MSTAR) evaluation method. For feature extraction, 2D Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is used to extract Fourier coefficients (frequency information) while 2D wavelet decomposition is used to extract wavelet coefficients (time-frequency information), from which subsets of characteristic in-class "invariant" coefficients are developed. Confusion matrices and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves are used to evaluate and compare combinations of these characteristic coefficients with several classification methods, including Lp metric distances, a Multi Layer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network (NN) and AND Corporation's Holographic Neural Technology (HNeT) classifier. The evaluation method examines the trade-off between correct detection rate and false alarm rate for each combination of feature-classifier systems. It also measures correct classification, misclassification and rejection rates for a 90% detection rate. Our analysis demonstrates the importance of feature and classifier selection in accurately classifying new target images.
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Nicholas Sandirasegaram, Ryan English, "Comparative analysis of feature extraction (2D FFT and wavelet) and classification (Lp metric distances, MLP NN, and HNeT) algorithms for SAR imagery", Proc. SPIE 5808, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XII, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.597305; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.597305
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