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28 March 2005 Optimal sensor scheduling and power management in sensor networks
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We discuss a novel control methodology for power management in heterogeneous distributed sensor networks. Many algorithms for resource management in sensor networks require a comprehensive model of the external environment and the sensor network system, and are rule-based; this restricts their use in dynamic environments. We present an event-based control optimization formulation of the resource management problem and discuss a method to adaptively change desired system performance of the sensor network in response to events. This functionality is critical in field-deployable sensor networks where the available energy is extremely limited. This limitation disallows continuous operation as a very expensive option and necessitates system adaptation as a means to extend operational lifetime in the face of dynamic external events. We show results on synthetic sensor networks where only partially accurate information about the external world and the sensing system is available and illustrate the efficacy of the control algorithm in handling dynamic events with guaranteed minimum system lifespan via efficient usage of energy resources. We show that the control algorithm makes effective control decisions about the use of energy and storage resources with varying sensor reliabilities.
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Ashit Talukder, Syed-Muhammad Ali, Anand Panangadan, Chetan Jadhav, Rishi Pidva, Rajan Kumar Bhatt, Lavanya Chandramouli, and Steve Monacos "Optimal sensor scheduling and power management in sensor networks", Proc. SPIE 5816, Optical Pattern Recognition XVI, (28 March 2005);

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