25 May 2005 Performance of optimal registration estimators
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This paper derives a theoretical limit for image registration and presents an iterative estimator that achieves the limit. The variance of any parametric registration is bounded by the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB). This bound is signal-dependent and is proportional to the variance of input noise. Since most available registration techniques are biased, they are not optimal. The bias, however, can be reduced to practically zero by an iterative gradient-based estimator. In the proximity of a solution, this estimator converges to the CRB with a quadratic rate. Images can be brought close to each other, thus speedup the registration process, by a coarse-to-tne multi-scale registration. The performance of iterative registration is finally shown to significantly increase image resolution from multiple low resolution images under translational motions.
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Tuan Quang Pham, Marijn Bezuijen, Lucas J. van Vliet, Klamer Schutte, Cris L. Luengo Hendriks, "Performance of optimal registration estimators", Proc. SPIE 5817, Visual Information Processing XIV, (25 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603304; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.603304

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