28 March 2005 Wavelet feature extraction for reliable discrimination between high explosive and chemical/biological artillery
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Feature extraction methods based on the discrete wavelet transform and multiresolution analysis are used to develop a robust classification algorithm that reliably discriminates between conventional and simulated chemical/biological artillery rounds via acoustic signals produced during detonation. Distinct characteristics arise within the different airburst signatures because high explosive warheads emphasize concussive and shrapnel effects, while chemical/biological warheads are designed to disperse their contents over large areas, therefore employing a slower burning, less intense explosive to mix and spread their contents. The ensuing blast waves are readily characterized by variations in the corresponding peak pressure and rise time of the blast, differences in the ratio of positive pressure amplitude to the negative amplitude, and variations in the overall duration of the resulting waveform. Unique attributes can also be identified that depend upon the properties of the gun tube, projectile speed at the muzzle, and the explosive burn rates of the warhead. In this work, the discrete wavelet transform is used to extract the predominant components of these characteristics from air burst signatures at ranges exceeding 2km. Highly reliable discrimination is achieved with a feedforward neural network classifier trained on a feature space derived from the distribution of wavelet coefficients and higher frequency details found within different levels of the multiresolution decomposition.
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Myron E. Hohil, Myron E. Hohil, Sachi V. Desai, Sachi V. Desai, Henry E. Bass, Henry E. Bass, Jim Chambers, Jim Chambers, "Wavelet feature extraction for reliable discrimination between high explosive and chemical/biological artillery", Proc. SPIE 5818, Independent Component Analyses, Wavelets, Unsupervised Smart Sensors, and Neural Networks III, (28 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603648; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.603648

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