2 June 2005 A new space-time code based on circulant structure and spreading
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Abstract
Space-time transmit structures for multi-antenna systems have received considerable interest. Circulant structures were among the first space-time coding techniques ever used for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems due to their simplicity and full rate. The fact that a circulant matrix is diagonalized by the discrete Fourier transformation matrix suggests that the circulant structure can be combined with an inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) at the transmitter and a fast Fourier transform (FFT) at the receiver. Using this method, the spatial mixing effect of the MIMO channel is decoupled but the diversity gain is lost. To recover the diversity advantage, we propose to spread the transmitted symbols over the diagonalized channel using an invertable matrix whose entries are selected from $\{1,-1\}$. After spreading, every symbol experiences all the components of the frequency counterpart of the channel vector which makes our scheme provide full symbolwise diversity. The proposed scheme is full rate and can be easily applied to any number of transmit antenna. Our simulation results show that the performance of our scheme is close to the performance of the ideal orthogonal space-time code and much better than the conventional circulant space-time code.
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P. Ding, P. Ding, J. Wang, J. Wang, G. Dietl, G. Dietl, M. D. Zoltowski, M. D. Zoltowski, D. J. Love, D. J. Love, } "A new space-time code based on circulant structure and spreading", Proc. SPIE 5819, Digital Wireless Communications VII and Space Communication Technologies, (2 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.605994; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605994
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