7 July 2005 Twin laser 2x1 MMI coupler
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Abstract
In previous studies, it was shown that using a Y waveguide, a twin laser output signal could be mixed and coupled to a fiber. The need to adapt the dimensions of the Y waveguide and apply the more restrictive conditions of a coherent regime for laser emission and waveguide mixing, led us to try an MMI coupler to focus the output signal. Herein, ideal 2x1 MMI for this purpose are presented in schematic form. Using a TE mode approximated with Gaussian distributions for the twin laser output signal (the input signal to the MMI coupler), an optimally focused output signal requirement is considered. Possible longitudinal and width dimensions for the couplers are calculated. Similar values of the MMI refraction index to the laser magnitude values were assumed to avoid the drop in transmission produced by reflections at the boundary surface. We also assumed no air gap between the laser and MMI coupler. The functioning of these ideal devices for coherent and incoherent twin laser emission is discussed.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
M. L. de Pedraza, "Twin laser 2x1 MMI coupler", Proc. SPIE 5840, Photonic Materials, Devices, and Applications, (7 July 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.607348; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.607348
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