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8 June 2005 Formation, optical properties, and electronic structure of thin Yb silicide films on Si(111)
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Proceedings Volume 5851, Fundamental Problems of Optoelectronics and Microelectronics II; (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.634553
Event: Fundamental Problems of Optoelectronics and Microelectronics II, 2004, Khabrovsk, Russian Federation
Abstract
Continuous very thin (2.5-3.0 nm) and thin (16-18 nm) ytterbium suicide films with some pinhole density (3•107- 1•108 cm-2) have been formed on Si(111) by solid phase epitaxy (SPE) and reactive deposition epitaxy (RDE) growth methods on templates. The stoichiometric ytterbium suicide (YbSi2) formation has shown in SPE grown films by AES and EELS data. Very thin Yb suicide films grown by RDE method had the silicon enrichment in YbSi2 suicide composition. The analysis of LEED data and AFM imaging has shown that ytterbium suicide films had non-oriented blocks with the polycrystalline structure. The analysis of scanning region length dependencies of the root mean square roughness deviation (σR(L)) for grown suicide films has shown that the formation of ytterbium suicide in SPE and RDE growth methods is determined by the surface diffusion of Yb atoms during the three-dimensional growth process. Optical functions (n, k, α, ε1, ε2, Im ε1-1, neff, εeff) of ytterbium silicide films grown on Si(1 1 1) have been calculated from transmittance and reflectance spectra in the energy range of 0.1-6.2 eV. Two nearly discrete absorption bands have been observed in the electronic structure of Yb silicide films with different composition, which connected with interband transitions on divalent and trivalent Yb states. It was established that the reflection coefficient minimum in R-spectra at energies higher 4.2 eV corresponds to the state density minimum in Yb suicide between divalent and trivalent Yb states. It was shown from optical data that Yb silicide films have the semi-metallic properties with low state densities at energies less 0.4 eV and high state densities at 0.5-2.5 eV.
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N. G. Galkin, A. M. Maslov, and V. O. Polyarnyi "Formation, optical properties, and electronic structure of thin Yb silicide films on Si(111)", Proc. SPIE 5851, Fundamental Problems of Optoelectronics and Microelectronics II, (8 June 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.634553
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