28 June 2005 EUV mask image placement management in writing, registration, and exposure tools
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Proceedings Volume 5853, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XII; (2005); doi: 10.1117/12.617484
Event: Photomask and Next Generation Lithography Mask Technology XII, 2005, Yokohama, Japan
Abstract
Due to the non-telecentricity of the EUV illumination, the EUV mask flatness budget dictates the use of an electrostatic chuck in the exposure tool. Since the mask backside flattening provided by the electrostatic chuck in the exposure tool is very different from the 3-point mounts currently employed to hold reticles in pattern generation and registration measurement tools, this raises the question of which mounting techniques to apply in future patterning and registration tools. In case drastic changes need to be made to the tool configurations, it is important to know, and as early as possible, whether backside chucking of reticles, via an electrostatic or vacuum chuck, is absolutely required or if a 3-point mounting scheme can suffice in these tools. Using finite element simulations, the effects on EUV mask image placement of stressed layers and their patterning, as well as substrate and chuck non-flatness were predicted for these different conditions. The results can be used to calculate image placement error budgets and determine what substrate and blank specifications are needed for the implementation of EUV at the 32-nm node.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Eric Cotte, Uwe Dersch, Christian Holfeld, Uwe Mickan, Holger Seitz, Thomas Leutbecher, Gunter Hess, "EUV mask image placement management in writing, registration, and exposure tools", Proc. SPIE 5853, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XII, (28 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.617484; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.617484
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KEYWORDS
Photomasks

Reticles

Extreme ultraviolet

Optical lithography

Photovoltaics

Extreme ultraviolet lithography

Image registration

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