7 October 2005 Development of a homogeneous assay format for p53 antibodies using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
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Abstract
The development of reliable methods for the detection of minute amounts of antibodies directly in homogeneous solution represents one of the major tasks in the current research field of molecular diagnostics. We demonstrate the potential of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) in combination with quenched peptide-based fluorescence probes for sensitive detection of p53 antibodies directly in homogeneous solution. Single tryptophan (Trp) residues in the sequences of short, synthetic peptide epitopes of the human p53 protein efficiently quench the fluorescence of an oxazine fluorophore attached to the amino terminal ends of the peptides. The fluorescence quenching mechanism is thought to be a photoinduced electron transfer reaction from Trp to the dye enabled by the formation of intramolecular complexes between dye and Trp. Specific recognition of the epitope by the antibody confines the conformational flexibility of the peptide. Consequently, complex formation between dye and Trp is abolished and fluorescence is recovered. Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), antibody binding can be monitored observing two parameters simultaneously: the diffusional mobility of the peptide as well as the quenching amplitude induced by the conformational flexibility of the peptide change significantly upon antibody binding. Our data demonstrate that FCS in combination with fluorescence-quenched peptide epitopes opens new possibilities for the reliable detection of antibody binding events in homogeneous solution.
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Hannes Neuweiler, Hannes Neuweiler, Silvia Scheffler, Silvia Scheffler, Markus Sauer, Markus Sauer, } "Development of a homogeneous assay format for p53 antibodies using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 5862, Diagnostic Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine III, 58620I (7 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.633022; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.633022
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