26 August 2005 External and intralesional photocoagulation of hemangioma in children with infrared diode laser
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Infra-red diode laser with wavelength 1060 nm was used for combined treatment of 163 children aged from 21 days to 13 years with 221 hemangiomas. For interstitial coagulation a power of 1.8-2 W and a power density of 5-90 J/cm3 were used in continuous mode. For distant coagulation pulse mode was applied with pulse/pause duration 30-50/200-250 ms, average power 1.3-2 W, and power density 65-450 J/cm2. 197 (89.1 %) hemangiomas were capillary, 7 (3.2 %) cavernous, and 17 (7.7 %) combined (combination of capillary and cavernous hemangiomas). The area of hemangiomas ranged from 6 mm2 to 48 cm2. For the majority (193, 87.3 %) of hemangiomas one session of photocoagulation was enough to achieve a good cosmetic effect. However, 28 (12.7 %) hemangiomas were treated repeatedly, 11 (5%) of them needed 4-7 sessions. In 8 children with cavernous and combined hemangiomas both distant and interstitial laser coagulation were used. In all, good or excellent results were obtained in 96,3 % of the patients. In 6 (3.7%) patients with extensive combined hematomas the considerable improvement was achieved.
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Ivan A. Abushkin, Ivan A. Abushkin, Valery A. Privalov, Valery A. Privalov, Alexander V. Lappa, Alexander V. Lappa, Evgeny L. Besshtanko, Evgeny L. Besshtanko, } "External and intralesional photocoagulation of hemangioma in children with infrared diode laser", Proc. SPIE 5863, Therapeutic Laser Applications and Laser-Tissue Interactions II, 58630Q (26 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.633111; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.633111

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