1 September 2005 Vapor-phase infrared spectroscopy on solid organic compounds with a pulsed resonant photoacoustic detection scheme
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There is a great need for a low cost and sensitive method to measure infrared spectra of solid organic compounds in the gas phase. To record such spectra, we propose an optical parametric generator-based photoacoustic spectrometer, which emits in the mid-infrared fingerprint region between 3 and 4 microns. In this system, the sample is heated in a vessel before entering a home built photoacoustic cell, where the gaseous molecules are excited by a tunable laser source with a frequency repetition rate that matches the first longitudinal resonance frequency of the photocaoustic cell. In a first phase, we have focused on low-melting point stimulants such as Nikethamide, Mephentermine sulfate, Methylephedrine, Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine. The vapor-phase spectra of these doping substances were measured between 2800 and 3100 cm-1, where fundamental C-H stretching vibrations take place. Our spectra show notable differences with commercially available condensed phase spectra. Our scheme enables to measure very low vapor pressures of low-melting point (<160 °C) solid organic compounds. Furthermore, the optical resolution of 8 cm-1 is good enough to distinguish closely related chemical structures such as the Ephedra alkaloids Ephedrine and Methylephedrine, but doesn't allow to differentiate diastereoisomeric pairs such as Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine, two important neurotransmitters which reveal different biological activities. Therefore, higher resolution and a system capable of measuring organic compounds with higher melting points are required.
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Richard Bartlome, Richard Bartlome, Cornelia Fischer, Cornelia Fischer, Markus W. Sigrist, Markus W. Sigrist, } "Vapor-phase infrared spectroscopy on solid organic compounds with a pulsed resonant photoacoustic detection scheme", Proc. SPIE 5864, Novel Optical Instrumentation for Biomedical Applications II, 58640N (1 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.632936; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.632936

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