18 August 2005 Passive isolator design for jitter reduction in the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph
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Abstract
Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) is a mission to locate and study extrasolar Earthlike planets. The TPF Coronagraph (TPF-C), planned for launch in the latter half of the next decade, will use a coronagraphic mask and other optics to suppress the light of the nearby star in order to collect visible light from such planets. The required contrast ratio of 5e-11 can only be achieved by maintaining pointing accuracy to 4 milli-arcseconds, and limiting optics jitter to below 5 nm. Numerous mechanical disturbances act to induce jitter. This paper concentrates on passive isolation techniques to minimize the optical degradation introduced by disturbance sources. A passive isolation system, using compliant mounts placed at an energy bottleneck to reduce energy transmission above a certain frequency, is a low risk, flight proven design approach. However, the attenuation is limited, compared to an active system, so the feasibility of the design must be demonstrated by analysis. The paper presents the jitter analysis for the baseline TPF design, using a passive isolation system. The analysis model representing the dynamics of the spacecraft and telescope is described, with emphasis on passive isolator modeling. Pointing and deformation metrics, consistent with the TPF-C error budget, are derived. Jitter prediction methodology and results are presented. Then an analysis of the critical design parameters that drive the TPFC jitter response is performed.
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Carl Blaurock, Carl Blaurock, Kuo-Chia Liu, Kuo-Chia Liu, Larry Dewell, Larry Dewell, James Alexander, James Alexander, } "Passive isolator design for jitter reduction in the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph", Proc. SPIE 5867, Optical Modeling and Performance Predictions II, 58670Y (18 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.619328; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.619328
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