23 August 2005 NT-SiC (new-technology silicon carbide) : Φ 650mm optical space mirror substrate of high-strength reaction-sintered silicon carbide
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Abstract
Silicon carbide (SiC) is the most advantageous as the material of various telescope mirrors, because of high stiffness, low density, low coefficient of thermal expansion, high thermal conductivity and thermal stability. Newly developed high-strength reaction-sintered silicon carbide (NTSIC), which has two times higher strength than sintered SiC, is one of the most promising candidates for lightweight optical mirror substrate, because of fully dense, lightweight, small sintering shrinkage (±1 %), good shape capability and low processing temperature. In this study, 650mm in diameter mirror substrate of NTSIC was developed for space telescope applications. Three developed points describe below. The first point was to realize the lightweight to thin the thickness of green bodies. Ribs down to 3mm thickness can be obtained by strengthen the green body. The second point was to enlarge the mirror size. 650mm in diameter of mirror substrate can be fabricated with enlarging the diameter in order. The final point was to realize the homogeneity of mirror substrate. Some properties, such as density, bending strength, coefficient of thermal expansion, Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, fracture toughness, were measured by the test pieces cutting from the fabricated mirror substrates.
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Shoko Suyama, Shoko Suyama, Yoshiyasu Itoh, Yoshiyasu Itoh, Katsuhiko Tsuno, Katsuhiko Tsuno, Kazuhiko Ohno, Kazuhiko Ohno, "NT-SiC (new-technology silicon carbide) : Φ 650mm optical space mirror substrate of high-strength reaction-sintered silicon carbide", Proc. SPIE 5868, Optical Materials and Structures Technologies II, 58680E (23 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.616043; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.616043
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