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18 August 2005 Linear thermal expansion measurements of lead magnesium niobate (PMN) electroceramic material for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph
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Abstract
Linear thermal expansion measurements of nine samples of Lead Magnesium Niobate (PMN) electroceramic material were recently performed in support of NASA's Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph (TPF-C) mission. The TPF-C mission is a visible light coronagraph designed to look at roughly 50 stars pre-selected as good candidates for possessing earth-like planets. Upon detection of an earth-like planet, TPF-C will analyze the visible-light signature of the planet's atmosphere for specific spectroscopic indicators that life may exist there. With this focus, the project's primary interest in PMN material is for use as a solid-state actuator for deformable mirrors or compensating optics. The nine test samples were machined from three distinct boules of PMN ceramic manufactured by Xinetics Inc. Thermal expansion measurements were performed in 2005 at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in their Cryogenic Dilatometer Facility. All measurements were performed in vacuum with sample temperature actively controlled over the range of 270K to 310K. Expansion and contraction of the test samples with temperature was measured using a JPL-developed interferometric system capable of sub-nanometer accuracy. Presented in this paper is a discussion of the sample configuration, test facilities, test method, data analysis, test results, and future plans.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Paul B. Karlmann, Kerry J. Klein, Peter G. Halverson, Robert D. Peters, Marie B. Levine, David Van Buren, and Matthew J. Dudik "Linear thermal expansion measurements of lead magnesium niobate (PMN) electroceramic material for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph", Proc. SPIE 5868, Optical Materials and Structures Technologies II, 58680M (18 August 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.615173
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